倒置 Inversion は、強調したい句を文頭に置いて、語順を並び替える。

So do I / Neither do I

  • “I’m a student”
    • So am I.
    • I’m, too.
  • “I was born in Japan.” So was I.
  • “I work for a software company.” So do I.
  • “I went to the movies.” So did I.
  • “I’ve ever been to Paris.” So have I.
  • “I’d like to play pool.” So would I.
  • “I can’t speak Enlgish”
    • Neither can I.
    • I can’t, either.
  • “I don’t want to go there.” Neither do I.

neither / nor


  • I’ve never seen him, nor have I heard from him.
  • Neither have I seen him, nor have I heard from him.

There / Here

There / Here も倒置が起こる。代名詞が主語の場合は倒置しない。

  • There is a book.
  • There are some books.
  • There it is.
    • There is it.
  • Here is your key.
  • Here comes the bus.
  • Here it is.
    • Here is it.
  • Here you are. (探しているものは)ここにあります
    • Here are you.
  • Here we are. 目的地に着きました
    • Here are we.
  • This is it. この場合の it は目的語。「それですよ」「いよいよですね(来たるべき状況になった)」


感嘆表現で What を文頭に置く表現がある。主語と動詞は倒置しない。

  • What a shot it is!
  • What a match they played!

Subjunctive Inversion

仮定法の If を省略して、倒置する表現がある。

  • Shoud you feel hungry, you can eat the bar of chocolate. If you feel hungry, …
  • Were I you, I wouldn’t do such a thing. If I were you, …
  • Had I known the way, I would have saved my time. If I had known the way, …

Subject-verb Inversion

  • 位置
    • Beside the TV stands a decorative plant.
    • A decorative plant stands beside the TV.
    • On the table stands a beatuiful flower in a yellow vase.
  • 引用
    • “Why don’t we go out for lunch?”, said Bob.
  • 連結動詞
    • The representative of this project is she.